SIMPLE TIPS ON 5 SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES
Babatunde Oladipupo B.Sc/Ed, M.Ed
Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, is a metabolic disease that causes high blood sugar. The hormone insulin moves sugar from the blood into your cells to be stored or used for energy. With diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t effectively use the insulin it does make.
Untreated high blood sugar from diabetes can damage your nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other organs.
It all starts with food. The carbohydrates (also known as carbs or starch) you eat get broken down into glucose, a type of sugar. This glucose is absorbed into the bloodstream, and becomes known as blood glucose. The release of the hormone insulin from your pancreas allows the glucose to pass from your blood stream into your cells to produce energy for the body. In this way, the insulin helps to regulate your blood glucose levels and allows your body to use the energy from carbohydrates.
In people with diabetes, the body produces too little or no insulin or the body is not able to use its insulin properly. This means that glucose (from your food) doesn’t pass from your blood to your cells properly. As a result, glucose accumulates in the blood, causing blood glucose levels to rise. Over time, high blood glucose levels can cause damage to kidneys, eyes, nerves and the heart.
The good news is that with the right treatment plan, you can manage the condition, allowing you to live a long, healthy, active life. There’s nothing you can’t do because you’ve been diagnosed – you just need to pay some extra attention.
Types of diabetes
There are three main types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes and Gestational Diabetes. Here’s the differences between them – and a more detailed look at the difference between Type 1 and Type 2.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 is an autoimmune condition, in which the body turns on itself and destroys the cells of the pancreas that produce insulin. A combination of daily insulin and a carefully developed eating plan is required for its management.
Type 2 Diabetes
This combines a lack of insulin and insulin resistance. Occurring most often in people who are overweight, the first step to managing Type 2 is lifestyle change, through exercising, healthy eating and losing weight if necessary. As the condition progresses, oral tablets and insulin injections may be required.
Gestational Diabetes (GDM)
GDM is a form of diabetes first diagnosed during pregnancy. GDM usually disappears after pregnancy, but women with GDM and their children are at an increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later in life.
Knowing the symptoms of diabetes is such important information. Once you understand what to look for, you’ll be able to share this knowledge with others.
The 5 symptoms of diabetes
1. Extreme hunger
2. Extreme thirst
3. Needing to pee a lot
5. Blurry vision
Are you feeling any of these symptoms? Hungrier than usual, feeling thirsty even if you’ve been drinking a lot, needing to pee a lot (especially at night)? Are you really tired, for no reason? Have your eyes been bothering you? If any of these ring a bell, it’s important to get your blood sugar checked at your local clinic or pharmacy.
Getting your blood sugar checked is quick and simple – the results are immediate and it only takes 5 minutes. Please encourage everyone you know to get their blood sugar checked every year! It’s the kind of test we should all be doing every year – knowledge is power.
How can you tell if you have diabetes? Most early symptoms are from higher-than-normal levels of glucose, a kind of sugar, in your blood. The warning signs can be so mild that you don’t notice them. That’s especially true of Type 2 diabetes. Some people don’t find out they have it until they get problems from long-term damage caused by the disease. With Type 1 diabetes, the symptoms usually happen quickly, in a matter of days or a few weeks. They’re much more severe, too.
Both genes and environmental factors play a role in triggering diabetes. Watch it, and ensure you take good care of yourself